Adjective Agreement Explained

Adjectives ending in o in the singular masculine form have four possible endings, one for masculine, feminine, singular and plural. These types of adjectives make up the majority of adjectives in Spanish. The same rule applies to certain articles (the equivalent of “the”) and indefinite articles (a class of words that include “a”, “an” and “any” in English), which are sometimes considered types of Some examples of common Spanish masculine adjectives are: Afortunado (happy), Alto (large), Bajo (short), Bueno (good), Estupendo (large), Famoso (famous), Malo (bad) and Pequeño (small) The rule that has no English equivalent is that singular nouns are accompanied by singular adjectives, and plural nouns are accompanied by plural adjectives. Masculine nouns are described or limited by masculine adjectives, and feminine nouns are described or limited by feminine adjectives. In the previous lesson, we explained the rules for placing adjectives and talked about some situations where they are used before or after nouns. In this lesson, we will learn about another important feature called “concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo”, namely the Spanish noun-adjective agreement. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it seems, although you will understand everything much faster if you already know the basics of the nominal gender and plural form of nouns. Un taco es una preparación mexicana que en su forma estándar consiste en una tortilla que contiene algún alimento dentro. (A taco is a Mexican preparation that, in its standard form, consists of a tortilla that contains food. Su is a possessive determinant or dojective that changes with number but not sex. Estándar is an immutable adjective – the same word would have been used with plural or masculine nouns.) For example, the noun las faldas (skirts) is plural and feminine, so all adjectives used to describe it are equally plural and feminine. For example, exception: for adjectives that end in z in the singular, replace the z with a c before adding the plural extension.

The “normal” form of adjectives, the form found in dictionaries, is singular and masculine. To make the adjective plural, follow one of these steps, as for the production of plural nouns: Congratulations – You have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish adjective gender agreement. Spanish adjectives are usually listed in their singular masculine form in dictionaries, so it`s important to know how to match these masculine singular adjectives with the noun they describe. Most adjectives end with o, e or a consonant in their singular masculine forms. Below are the rules for matching these adjectives with their respective nouns in gender and number. As their name suggests, descriptive adjectives have a certain quality of noun. If you search for an adjective in the dictionary, it is always in the singular masculine form, for example blanco. Adjectives in Spanish usually follow the patterns in this table to match the noun they describe.

As mentioned earlier, Spanish adjectives usually have a singular form and a plural form. The rules are exactly the same as those used to form the plural of nouns. To illustrate this, for a sentence like “She is a pretty model”, we would say “Ella es una modelo hermosa”, but for several models we have to say “Ellas son modelos hermosas”. Note that all words, including the subject pronoun and the verb SER, change so that there is a Spanish noun-adjective correspondence and the sentence makes sense. Nationality adjectives ending in -o, e.g. chino, argentino follow the same patterns as in the table above. Some nationality adjectives end with a consonant, e.g. galés, español and alemán, and follow a slightly different pattern: adjectives can precede or after nouns, or they can be used with verbs such as ser (“to be”) to describe nouns. But (with the exception of immutable adjectives), they will always correspond to the nouns they describe both in number and gender. Most adjectives ending in a consonant do not change according to gender, but change for the number, just like adjectives that end in -e. Take a look at this unusual preview board with Spanish adjective endings now! We will start this lesson with a video that explains the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script.

This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language. Making a masculine adjective feminine is even easier. Just follow these steps: Some Spanish adjectives used to describe male and female nouns are: Amable (type), Difícil (difficult), Fácil (easy), Flexible, Paciente (patient), Verde (green). In addition, most numbers, with the exception of number one, that change to UN when used before a male noun, and to UNA before a female noun, e.B. “Un amigo” and “Una amiga” In Spanish, adjectives must match the noun (or pronoun) they describe in gender and number. This means that if the noun describing an adjective is feminine, the adjective must be feminine, and if the same noun is also plural, the adjective will also be feminine AND plural. It is possible to make some masculine adjectives feminine by adding -A at the end when the words end with a consonant, but not in all cases, for example “Trabajador/Trabajadora” (right) and “Popular/Populara” (false). Most nationalities also change gender, including some that end with consonants such as “español->española”.

Most adjectives must match the gender with the noun they change. When we describe a masculine noun as “Amigo”, we must also use a masculine adjective as “Honesto”. Just like nouns, Spanish masculine adjectives usually end with the -O vowel like “Bonito” and “Creativo”, e.B. “El niño es bonito y gordo”. In addition, some words ending in -R are also considered masculine adjectives. An explanation of how to use adjectives and agreement in Spanish There are a few adjectives known as immutable adjectives that do not change in their form. .